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Old 23 Apr 2001, 00:38 (Ref:83828)   #1
e_peņa
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so then the fuel is not directly injected in the cilinder?

i tought they where fuel injected? so the trumpets act as a carburetor but why, wouldnt it be easier and better if the fuel would be injected direclty? then whatīs the aim of having inlet trumpets?

thanx again.
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Old 27 Apr 2001, 07:29 (Ref:85644)   #2
RWC
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Hi ,hope i'm not too late to help.They don't inject into the combustion chamber mainly because the fuel& air takes time to mix-not good for an f1 engine .this is why diesel engines don't rev very high.I think i also read somewhere that direct inj. is banned in f1 for cost reasons.The inlet trumpets are shaped to accelerate the air into the engine with minimum loss& also work with the stop start harmonics of the incoming air to 'jam more in'-a simplistic way of putting it.(longer/narrower suits low revs,shorter/wider suits higher revs).A similar effect occurs in the exaust system.hope this is not too basic
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Old 27 Apr 2001, 10:22 (Ref:85693)   #3
con-rod
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direct injection is a seperate technology, as i understand it. it tries to make gasoline engines behave more like diesel engines. allows potential for very weak mixtures to be used at low engine speed/load for serious fuel savings. mitsubishi have such an engine in production and most manufacturers are following fast as it could replace the conventional method as we know it

james
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Old 27 Apr 2001, 16:15 (Ref:85809)   #4
PBR
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Direct injection outboard motors (2 stroke) have been in production for two or three years now. They inject fuel and air under pressure into the cylinder just before combustion.

The manufacturers claim 40-45% better fuel economy.
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Old 27 Apr 2001, 20:12 (Ref:85938)   #5
Chris Gamlin
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Sorry e_peņa, I missed this post before.
What RWC says is correct, you get much better combustion if the fuel is allowed to vapourise and mix with the air before it it ignited - petrol vapour burns much better than petrol as a liquid. Direct injection is being developed in road petrol engines (as James mentions, the Mitsubishi GDi engine is one) but i think it's main advantages are in emmissions and economy rather than increased performance.

The top of the inlet "trumpets" themselves (the curvy bits) are just there mainly to provide a smooth "laminar" flow of air into the throttle body (the "carburettor" bit of a fuel injected engine), which then feeds into the inlet manifold. Inlet manifold length and shape can be designed to tune the engine for high torque or high power, depending on what is required most. The inlet manifold design determines how well the air/fuel mixes at certain RPMs, and how fast it travels into the combustion chamber, hence affecting performance. A long inlet manifold with a rough internal wall texture will generally give high torque at low RPM, as this configuration allows the fuel/air to mix very well, which is good for torque. However, this can limit high RPM power as the mixture cannot flow quickly enough along the manifold to satisfy the needs of the engine at higher speeds. A shorter, polished manifold will not mix the fuel/air as well at low RPM, but will allow more fuel/air into the combustion chamber, as there is less resistance on the fuel/air travelling down the manifold and it has less distance to travel. This helps produce more power, especially at high RPM, as more fuel/air gets to the cylinders. Also, at high RPM, when the air is flowing into the inlet manifold that much faster, the fuel vapourises easier than at low RPM, so you don't have to worry so much about long manifolds and rough walls to make the fuel/air mix properly. Obviously in a road car the manifold has to be a compromise, but in a high revving racing F1 engine, you are willingly sacrifice low end torque for high end BHP.

Chris

Last edited by Chris Gamlin; 27 Apr 2001 at 20:19.
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Old 28 Apr 2001, 03:16 (Ref:86106)   #6
Wolf
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Not exactly OT, but Mercedes W196 had direct fuel injection in '54/'55. And it revved at 8,500rpm (11,00 was planned for further developments). And its desmodromic valve-gear was a beauty too. Pity they left GP scene so soon- with their full-scale wind tunnel testing, R&D- many interesting things may've happened...
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